Published on 22.03.2024

NYSE Index

The New York Stock Exchange is based on Wall Street and is the largest stock exchange in the world (due to the total market capitalisation of all their listed companies). Find out how the NYSE is organised and how you can invest in it.

Below are some of the stocks listed on the NYSE.

Symbol Name
ATUS

Altice

AMD AMD
BA Boeing
BP BP
KO Coca Cola
NIO NIO
NOK Nokia
PFE Pfizer
BABA Alibaba
GOLD

Barrick Gold

TME

Tencent

DIS Walt Disney
NKE Nike
TTE

Total

MCD

McDonald’s

JNJ Johnson & Johnson

What is the NYSE?

The New York Stock Exchange is the centre of stock trading in the United States (US) and, therefore by extension, the rest of the world. Read more about the NYSE, the history of this exchange company and how to invest in the US stock market.

Mergers and splits

The current configuration of today's NYSE stock exchange company is due to a series of past mergers between different exchange companies. In 2006, for example, it became a publicly traded company by merging with Archipelago, an already listed electronic trading platform. A merger with the European exchange company Euronext followed in 2007 and NYSE Euronext was formed. This transatlantic exchange company was taken over in 2013 by the American Intercontinental Exchange. The European part was then split off again through an IPO in Europe.

NYSE part of Intercontinental Exchange

The American part remained part of Intercontinental Exchange. This is an international group that has bought many other trading platforms such as the Chicago Stock Exchange and the Canadian energy exchange NGX. The NYSE is in Lower Manhattan, located in the famous financial district of New York. The NYSE's iconic neoclassical building on famous Wall Street was built in the early twentieth century.

70% of shares in the S&P 500 are listed on the NYSE

The NYSE has long been the world's leading stock exchange. Over 70% of the shares in the S&P 500, the broad index of the US stock market, are listed on the NYSE. The NYSE is the platform companies choose when they decide to take the step of an IPO: from technology and healthcare companies to companies in the financial and energy sectors.

Physical trading and electronic trading coexist

Much of securities trading today is done digitally. The NYSE utilises a hybrid model, unlike the exchange company Nasdaq where trading is only done electronically. That means there are also trading floors where physical trading takes place. Broker representatives can trade with each other here using ‘open outcry’. This is a method of physical trading familiar from older movies about Wall Street. This involves traders using hand gestures to communicate with each other. The NYSE also has the NYSE Arca communications network to automatically match buy and sell orders.

The NYSE is open Monday through Friday from 9:30 AM to 4 PM, local time. There is usually a six-hour time difference between Geneva and New York. A bell sounds both at the opening of trading and at the end of the trading day. Until 1995, ringing the bell was a job for stock market employees, but since then, the NYSE regularly invites other people to ring the bell. Often these are directors of companies listed on the stock exchange, but it can also be done by public figures such as politicians or athletes.

Days when the NYSE is closed

The stock market is closed on vacations set by the US federal government. These include Christmas, Good Friday, New Years Day, Washington’s Birthday, Memorial Day, Labour Day, Thanksgiving Day, Martin Luther King Jr. Day and the celebration of American independence on July 4. If a holiday falls on a Saturday, the stock market is often closed the Friday before. If a holiday falls on a Sunday, then trading is often halted the following Monday. See our exchange calendarfor a full overview of when different markets are closed.

History of the NYSE

The history of the stock market in America dates to the late eighteenth century (May 17, 1792). Just after the American struggle for independence, the US government issued $80 million in government bonds to repay their war debts. This created the first financial market in the US. Trading then often took place in the open. The first traders that participated were called the ‘curbstone traders.’ In the eighteenth century, they invested heavily in new, emerging industries such as oil and railroads.

The information in this article is not written for advisory purposes, nor does it intend to recommend any investments. Please be aware that facts may have changed since the article was originally written. Investing involves risks (e.g price volatility, currency or liquidity risk). You can lose your invested funds. Consider your knowledge and experience when making investment decisions. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results. Markets are volatile and can fluctuate significantly due to economic, political, regulatory, or other developments.

Sources: NYSE, Intercontinental Exchange, Yahoo Finance, Investopedia.

Below are some of the stocks listed on the NYSE.

Symbol Name
ATUS

Altice

AMD AMD
BA Boeing
BP BP
KO Coca Cola
NIO NIO
NOK Nokia
PFE Pfizer
BABA Alibaba
GOLD

Barrick Gold

TME

Tencent

DIS Walt Disney
NKE Nike
TTE

Total

MCD

McDonald’s

JNJ Johnson & Johnson
backtotop

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Note:
Investing involves risks. You can lose (a part of) your invested funds. We advise you to only invest in financial products which match your knowledge and experience. This is not investment advice.

Investing involves risks.

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